Rubella (also known as german measles) is a viral infection that used to be common in children. Rubella is usually a mild infection. It can be fatal usually with minimal systemic upset although transient arthropathy may occur in adults. Serious complications such as deterioration of the skin is very rare. Apart from the effects of transplacental infection on the developing fetus, rubella is a relatively trivial infection.
Acquired (i.e. not congenital) rubella is transmitted via airborne droplet emission from the upper respiratory tract of active cases (can be passed along by the breath of people sick from Rubella). The virus may also be present in the urine, feces and on the skin.
Incubation period is for 2-3 weeks. Symptoms include:
Rubella is caused by the rubella virus (toga virus). The virus is spread through air by droplets from infected person to uninfected person.
Blood is tested for antibodies like:
Symptomatic treatment is generally provided. Ibuprofen/ paracetamol are generally administered to relieve pain and fever. Patients are advised to drink plenty of fluids.
Congenital rubella syndrome (CRS)
Congenital rubella syndrome (CRS) can cause the following problems in unborn babies:
Rubella is to be immunized with the measles, mumps and rubella (MMR) vaccine.The immunization for measles includes 2 doses wherein the first dose should be given between 12-15 months of age followed by the second dose after an interval of 4 weeks, usually up to 4-6 years.